Special Forces
Special Forces Bronze Statue, Fort Bragg North Carolina
Special Forces Bronze Statue, Fort Bragg North Carolina
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of Southeast Asia

This poem was read to me by President Joseph Biden during his telephone call to me advising that I was to receive this nation's highest award for valor.

The "A" Team
(Special Forces Team A-101 Awarded: Navy Presidential Unit Citation)

In early 1967, I took command of Lang Vei Special Forces Camp.  The command was an "A" Team, and about 400 Bru tribesmen.  Lang Vei was the northern most camp in South Vietnam.  It was on the Laos border, with North Viet Nam 20 kilometers to the north. 

The "A" Team

There are twelve of them;
Each a specialist in turn,
Each very well trained to do
Whatever they are needed to do.

A Medic with years of training.
A Weapons Man, expert in all.
A Demolitions Man, ready to destroy.
A Communicator with signal gear.

A Team Sergeant, senior in knowledge,
Working intelligence and operations.
The Commander, a tough Captain, 
And his Executive Officer.

Each with back-up on board,
Should the team need to split.
These men encompass deadly force:
They are stone faced killers.

They are trained to go anywhere,
Do anything, ready all the time.
They are the first boots on the ground,
Jumping from aircraft, ready to fight.


O-1 "Birddog"

"Tiger Hound" Flight

I  bummed a ride in a "BirdDog",
Needing to recon a landing zone
For an operation I was leading:
A deep penetration in force.

The pilot said he first needed
To fly by a possible target.
Enemy trucks were seen nearby,
And so we fly cross- border to Laos.

We circled the reported site.
But, neither of us could see trucks.
Tracers came out of the jungle,
Aimed right at us, and we jinxed.

The gunfire goes right by us
And down we go to find him,
The gunner who shot at us.
More flashes, more jinx and we have him.

In a tree he sits with his blazing gun,
Shooting whenever we come near.
We call in the strike aircraft,
 And blow him out of his tree perch.

He dangles from a long chain,
Which is wrapped around one ankle.
And as we fly low past him -
We see the trucks under the trees.

We target the hidden trucks
And watch the strike aircraft.
They come in low with bomb loads;
Trucks explode and the targets burn.

The mornings work is now done.
My "Tiger Hound" pilot flies me south
To recon my landing zone.
Soon, I will be walking down below.

Captain John J. Duffy on patrol in the Khe Sanh Region
Captain John J. Duffy on patrol in the Khe Sanh Region


Leading a combat patrol
In the jungles of Viet Nam.
Never sure what we will find,
Always seeking  the enemy.

A grenade explodes,
A machine gun cuts loose,
 And the answering stucotto
 Of my automatic rifle.

It all happens so quick,
But seems an eternity -
When you engage your foe, 
And life is in the balance.


Target Error

The sun finally came out.
It had been a cold and wet
January in the highlands
Of the Khe Sanh region.

Commanding a Special Forces camp:
Lang Vei on the Laotian border,
The northern most camp
In all South Viet Nam.

From the east, two planes come,
Jets, winging low down the valley.
They flash pass with a roar.
We cheer, thinking them friendly.

They turn around in the sky,
Flying straight at us below -
Bombs dropping, guns firing,
Explosions and mayhem in a flash.

The camp and Lang Vei village,
Now the victims of this war.
Screams, and lament tear the air:
As sons, wives and daughters die.

One more pass by the two jets,
Twenty millimeter cutting down -
Blood and destruction below.
They fly away into the sun.

Leaving behind disaster:
A "target error" in the war,
The wrong target was hit.
The wrong village was bombed.



A village in flames,
Screams of the wounded,
The discourse of war:
Smoke, dust and destruction.

The villages all hiding,
In the bunkers together.
The flames are burning fierce:
"They must be rescued."

We move into the village,
Dragging them out of the bunkers.
They, still terrified of death;
"The bunkers will be their end."

In the largest bunker of all,
 Forty villagers huddle in fear.
Refusing to leave their sanctuary,
 Afraid of what lurks above.

I beseech them to leave.
I order them to leave.
Nothing moves them from there,
Fear is their only master.

In a few minutes, I return.
But they are all dead:
Frozen in a final distortion -
Asphyxiated in the bunker.


After The Bombs

All the medical supplies
Have been used in helping
The victims of this attack:
Planes attacking a village.

A young girl is brought in,
Advanced in pregnancy.
She is torn from her pelvic,
Clear up to her rib cage.

I'll do my best for her.
I'll use safety pins -
Stitching her together again.
She smiles as I do it.

A few weeks have gone by,
Since the village attack,
And a helicopter returns,
With supplies and passengers.

A young girl walks up to me
And shows me her baby.
I'm not sure what to do;
Until she shows me her belly.

The safety pins left small scars,
But, she is healing cleanly.
Her baby is healthy, and she laughs,
At my surprise to see her again.


In recognition for my actions following Target Error, I was awarded the Soldier's Medal.

For heroism not involving actual conflict with an armed enemy in the Republic of Viet Nam:  Captain Duffy distinguished himself by exceptionally valorous actions on 2 and 3 March 1967 immediatly following an air attack on the village of Lang Vei and the Special Forces Camp nearby.  With complete disregard for personal safety, Captain Duffy went into the burning village to help evacuate the wounded.  Even though there were secondary explosions and the village was still burning all around him, he located the wounded, administereed first aid and evacuated them to a nearby emergency aid station.  The villagers were extremely frightened and it was often necessary for him to crawl into the smoke filled underground bunkers and convince them that they should be evacuated.  Captain Duffy returned to the village time after time throughout the night and the next morning until all the wounded were rescued.  He then helped those who survived and assisted in burying the dead. Through his unrelenting efforts, greater loss of life was avoided and rapport between the villagers and the Special Forces camp has been solidified.  Captain Duffy's heroic actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

Night Attack

I was ordered to depart,  
To turn over my command,
 Of Lang Vei Special Forces Camp:
To a new, soon to be commander.

Captain Crenshaw soon arrived.
I briefed him and advised:
That we take three days more -
To complete the change in command.

He was respectful and firm,
His methods were different:
He believed in a quick change-over.
It would be best if I left.

My duty done, my command complete,
I said my farewells to my men,
Wishing them success and luck,
For their duties were difficult.

The new Commander and I,
We bid each other success.
I assigned to "Mike Force",
He with his new command.

It was on his first night commanding,
 That the enemy infiltrated.
They slithered through the wire,
Tasked to kill the officers.

Captain Crenshaw was the first.
Next, they killed Lieutenant Stallings,
He was my Executive Officer.
Both targeted, and both killed.

The gunfire and the explosions,
Went on throughout the night.
The fight was fought close,
And lasted until first light.

The enemy withdrew at dawn, 
Having done death and destruction.
I knew that it could've been me.
It was not yet my time to die.


Tough No More
(Australian Special Air Service (SAS))

It was in sixty-seven,
After I left Lang Vei,
A camp bloodied enough
To go into history.

I joined the Mike Force
At the DaNang base,
Working as the XO,
With the Aussie troops.

These men were rough soldiers,
 In both the combat zone,
 And also in the mess,
Where drinking was the norm.

We lost a man on patrol,
K.I.A., Killed in Action.
He would go back home,
To Australia, in a box.

It was heavy drinking
That took place in the mess,
At Sergeant Stone's "goodby",
A tough soldier was he.

Not a week had passed,
When we got the word:
Stone's pregnant new wife,
From a tree, hung herself.

It was heavy drinking
That went on that day,
Terrible to hear news;
That took your "tough" away.


Black Virgin Mountain, Vietnam
Black Virgin Mountain, Vietnam

Black Virgin Mountain
Nui Ba Den)

Now, it was our turn to go in,
To try to dislodge the enemy:
From this strong-hold of the mountain,
The "Black Virgin Mountain" dominated all.

It was the one mountain on a plain,
Rising up high from the jungle below.
From it's peak, you could see everything,
The mountain was the key to all below.

So climb the mountain was the plan:
Fight our way to the very top.
Kill the enemy, dig him out,
Clear the mountain, control the plain.

Each tree became an obstacle,
Fought over and conquered.
The casualties began to mount,
As we fought our way higher.

When, we finally got to the top:
We wondered where the enemy was?
He was dug into the mountain,
Waiting for us to turn around.


Still Free

Caught in an ambush,
 All were surprised.
I managed my escape 
Away from the killing guns.

But a friend of mine,
One who was close to me,
Fared not so well.
Him, they almost caught.

They came upon him,
 Intent on his capture.
He saw his end nearing
And he made his choice.

He emptied his gun,
That is, all but one,
Blasting four of them
Into another world. 

Then the barrel he bit,
And the trigger he pulled,
Making his long journey -
 Away from here.



Saigon Warrior

I was to report to headquarters,
It was a special assignment.
So off to Nha Trang I flew,
Curious and excited, but not sure why.

The Intel Officer, he advised me -
That a liaison officer was needed,
In Saigon, to coordinate the Groups effort.
So. off to Saigon,  an Intel Officer.

Every day, I sat at my desk,
With my classified documents:
I acted as the filter for my chief.

So many people working on intelligence,
I coordinated with fifty-one outfits.
It was a job just to meet them,
Let alone to attend all the briefings.

But, I took it in stride, I did.
I never once complained to anyone.
War was tough, my job was in Saigon,
No grit or grime, just lots of SECRETS.



Briefing War

Each morning, I would prepare
For the eight o'clock briefing.
A four star General and staff,
To be informed on the war.

The four star would sit
In his easy chair, relaxed.
The staff sat on edge,
Awaiting his hard questions.

Five minutes on center stage,
Five minutes to tell the story
Of war and destruction:
Of victories and defeats.

Watching the four star,
For when he rubbed his pallet,
The agitation was near -
And all would cringe in fear.



The power of the Commander
Is really beyond belief,
Bomb a village there, attack here,
And don't forget the artillery.

The soldiers of war march off
To obey and do their duty,
To kill their foe, or die trying;
Never questioning the Commander.


Supreme Command

To decide, is to command:
To plan a course of action,
To defeat the enemy, 
To know triumph and glory.

When you ere, who is to say
A four-star General failed?
No one, not a single person,
A four-star is never wrong!


SOG: Special Operations Group
(Uncommon Valor)

Danger was the mission.
Go behind enemy lines.
Infiltrate by helicopter.
Observe and report or engage.

Courage was ever present.
Battle a superior enemy force.
Disrupt and destroy his sanctuary. 
Escape when he is in pursuit.

Presidential Unit Citation awarded to MACSOG

Special Operations Group patch
Special Operations Group patch

From 1969 to 1974, I served with Special Operations in various capacities, Operations Officer, Launch Site Officer, Forward Air Controller,  Executive Officer and Search Team Commander.

Recon Warrior  

I know of your exploits,
I know of your deeds,
I remember the gunfire
And the smell of cordite.

You are not like the others,
You seek out tough missions,
To gamble that you'll win -
The next roll of the dice.

The edge is your challenge.
The moment of contact,
It is terror and fear,
Against you, the recon man.

For years, you fought the war;
You fought until the last day,
Until the war was finished.
You never turned your back.


 "Mad Dog" Shriver 
(Betrayed by Walker Spy Ring)

He ventured his life
More than one hundred times
On those danger missions,
Surviving by his wits.

Searching out the enemy,
Always killing and disrupting.
They soon gave him a name,
And began to seek his end.

"Mad Dog"  Shriver they feared,
Though he showed not his fear.
He killed so many of the enemy,
They began to talk his legend.

Until one day he went out,
Never to return again:
Caught in a bloody ambush,
Some say he was betrayed.

His friends went out searching,
Looking for his body.
All the others they found,
But the "Mad Dog" was gone.

Many say he still fights on.
They hear the rattle of guns.
They hear the blast of grenades.
They hear his scream of death.

FAC Forward Air Control Aircraft of the Viet Nam War, all flown by the bravest of the brave
FAC Forward Air Control Aircraft of the Viet Nam War, all flown by the bravest of the brave

The Forward Air Controller

It is the lonely mission,
The Forward Air Controller.
His are the eyes above the battle.
His is the link to those below.

While others avoid and strike fast,
He lingers and trolls for contact,
Seekings out the enemy below,
Determining the strike force needed.

His is the job to control the air attack.
He determines the needs of the troops,
And works the airstrike margins.
His judgement is relied upon by all.

Watching a "FAC" roll in hot on target,
All guns blazing at his destruction,
Is to watch a man of courage in action.
This is the daily job of the "FAC".

* * * * * * *



Note:  I was asked to write and present "The Forward Air Controller Requiem" at the ceremony.  The Air Force  "Missing-Man" flight followed the requiem reading. 

"All the old men were crying." quoted one 14 year old in attendance (See Guest Section).  My requiem was  latter added in bronze to the monument.  View in Requiem Section.


Monument bench im memory of the deceased FAC's and Covet Riders of the Viet Nam War.             October 3, 2008 Dedication
Monument bench im memory of the deceased FAC's and Covet Riders of the Viet Nam War. October 3, 2008 Dedication

Eyes Above

Flying those danger missions
Over the skies of Laos,
Watching the Ho Chi Minh Trail,
An expressway in the jungle.

The enemy must have supplies:
Ammunition, fuel and spare parts,
Everything moves down the trail, 
Protected by anti-aircraft guns.

Into the sky each morning,
We would fly, seeking movement:
A truck, a convoy, or a flashing gun.
They were all targeted by us. 

A recon team on the ground
Would hear the engine noises,
And at first light, talk to us:
The Forward Air Controller.




OV-10 Bronco in action
OV-10 Bronco in action

Pipeline Strike

It was Sergeant Sweeney,
Who said: "They have a pipeline."
A pipeline going through the jungle,
Transporting fuel for Ho Chi Minh.

The report was sent to the General,
And he was briefed on the pipeline.
The General discounted the report.
He said: "that we were in error."

I sent the good Sergeant back,
And told him to mark the pipe
With a few rockets from above.
The pipe blew, still pumping.

The fires shot high in the sky.
Sergeant Sweeney took some pictures,
And then he put in a strike
From the bombers lurking above.

Now, the General was right indeed,
There wasn't a pipeline anymore,
Just some old pipe and wreckage.
Only, it was Sweeney who was right.


Burning Jungle

It was Captain Pasco
Who spotted the barrels,
Floating down a jungle river:
Large fifty-five gallon drums.

He said they would hit a cable
And disappear into the bush.
He said it was just not right,
So he'd photographed the site.

So the very next day early,
I ordered a set of bombers,
With a load of ordinance,
To go there with their bombs.

The jungle erupted in flames
And explosion followed explosion
As the petroleum burned,
A heavy black smoke arose.

For three days and three nights, 
We bombed that burning jungle,
Destroying gasoline and ammo,
In the cache of Ho Chi Minh.


Mid-Air Collision

There has been a mid-air collision.
The survivor was trying for a landing.
The aircraft was side-slipping in flight.
It really should not have been flying.

The mid-air had taken a tail boom off.
It had a second boom, but no wire control.
It could only fly at an angle in flight.
We had to guide him to the landing field.

The airfield was atop a plateau
High over a broad river valley.
This landing better be done right.
There wasn't any room for error.

On final approach, the engine quit,
And the aircraft dropped to earth.
The touchdown was hard and violent.
The airplane literally broke apart.

The tail boom went down the cliff face.
Both wings detached themselves.
Only the cockpit kept going forward,
Until in a flash of sparks, it stopped.

The pilot got out and surveyed his craft:
"Not  a bad landing if I say so myself."
The back seater crawled out of the wreck:
"No fucking good!  I no fly.  No more!"


Decorating Our Tree

It was in Nakhon Phonom,
And we had a Christmas tree,
Flown in by the Air Force,
And we were going to celebrate.

But, although we had a tree,
We didn't have any decorations,
And there were but a few days left
Before Christmas was upon us.

So, with good cheer and ingenuity,
We decided to decorate our tree
With panties earned by hard endeavor,
In the local entertainment places.

So each night, after a days flying,
Off to town we would drive,
Intent on our pursuit of panties.
The work was hard, but we were young.

Each morning, we would proudly hang,
A pantie, or two, or three,
From our lovely Christmas tree:
All silky and cheery, on display.


Passion Fruit

The night is filled with dancing.
I hold my love, close and tight.
She leans on my shoulder warmly.
I can feel the fires of love.

In time, we go to a bungalow
And together we shower each other.
She says: "Follow me my love."
I can but admire her beauty.

Upon the bed she spreads herself.
I ask her if she is ready.
She looks upon my nakedness:
"You are cleared hot, hit my smoke!"

Piece of Cake

Last man out, first man down.
This is not the way to do it
When you are parachuting
From an airplane in flight.

The main chute partially deployed.
We call it a "Mae West", as in actress,
Yes, with big busts, like in brassiere.
The chutes risers cut the lift by half.

Without a chute, it's ninety miles per hour.
With a "Mae West", its fifty miles per hour.
This will impose bodily damage upon impact.
I knew that I had a problem to deal with.
I popped the reserve, out it came,
But it failed to catch air to provide lift.
Five times, I tried to capture the lift,
Enough, haul it in and under my butt.

The landing was hard, I bounced.
Yes, I bounced four feet off of the ground.
All the wind out of my lungs, gasping,
Gasping, gasping for just a little air.

Others came to help me, crowding around.
They are all breathing my oxygen
And I cannot talk without the air.
Finally, my lungs full, I think I'll live.

"Oh!  I'm O.K., a bit of a bounce that one.
I think I'll survive, my legs are O.K.
My back hurts a bit, let me try standing.
Yeah, a piece of cake.  I'll give it a rest for today.


Under The Gun

A Squadron Commander is shot down.
A beeper is heard in the jungle.
The crash location is observed,
But, there is no voice from the radio.

A rescue mission is to be launched.
We'll send a team in to search.
Either he's dead in the wreckage,
Or we'll locate and pull him.

From six bases, assets are joined.
We'll go in hot and heavy.
We'll put a team on the ground,
And blast a path to the crash.

I fly over the crash site.
The wreckage is at the end of a valley.
He plowed his way through the jungle,
And the canopy is still in place.

Only a "beeper" is heard to draw us in.
If he's alive, he would talk to us.
We'll fly a low pass before we launch,
Let's see what else is down there.

We fly our plane down the valley, 
Seeing what else is waiting down there.
I look up, and see guns in the caves,
Set-up and ready, waiting for us.

To the pilot: "Did you see what I saw?"
He confirmed the guns above and said:
"They'll shoot us to pieces should we launch.
There is no way to get at those guns."

Just a beeper, no voice, a set-up.
They are waiting to ambush us.
Over the radio, I advise all:
"Weather not workable, cancel the mission


Bomb Damage Report

As I walk through the twisted jungle,
I can see the havoc and destruction
That we have imposed upon the enemy,
For he is torn and dead, beyond this world.

I know of the bombings we have done.
I know of the explosions and fire.
I know about the lives we have taken;
Waging war in the jungles of Viet Nam.


Death's Distortions

A black Lieutenant,
Belly scarred by grenade,
Worked for me at Lang Vei.
He was blasted in the night.

A medic at Con Thien,
His artery torn by frags,
He said he was sorry,
That he must die on us.

An Australian Captain,
Refusing first-aid,
Thus others be helped,
Bled slowly to death.

Those were the early years, 
Years of confidence,
Filled with glory stories,
Bravery was still new.

A Vietnamese Sergeant
Survived a fiery crash,
Two legs and an arm
Chopped away from him.

Marines at Khe Sanh,
Two weeks collecting dead:
Bloated stinking bodies,
Stacked for shipment home.

War was now more grim,
Anyone could find his end.
Stories no longer told,
Fear and caution ruled.

Troops sitting secure
Behind barbed wire,
Until rocket blasts
Shattered their moment.

Riding in choppers
Was no longer new,
Flying much higher now,
Above the jungle's flash.

A plane load vanished
In a Highland mist,
Those men were veterans,
 Even their number came.

No more glory in war.
Everyone knows the dead.
Only the end must come.
Death's distortions are the truth.


The Seed Of Life

The battles were fought ferociously,
Each side killing until the end.
The end of war has come to  them
When most were dead and buried.

In the earth they now reside,
Without fear and without pain.
Only flowers nourish from below,
Life is renewed in their glory.


Poppy Field
Poppy Field
Specialist Duffy (left center photo, forefront) receiving the Honor graduate and Leadership award from the 7th Army NCO Academy, 1962  Spot promotion to Sergeant and recommended for Officer Schooling
Specialist Duffy (left center photo, forefront) receiving the Honor graduate and Leadership award from the 7th Army NCO Academy, 1962 Spot promotion to Sergeant and recommended for Officer Schooling


At Seventeen, yelling "Airborne"
And jumping out of planes.
At Eighteen, sitting on the strip,
Loaded for combat in Budapest.

The years went by surely;
Suez, Lebanon, and the Congo.
One crisis followed another,
As I stood in the door.

Ready to drop in for Glory,
Or smash the blockade of Berlin.
Those foolish years of dreams,
Garnered from martial books.

Rumors of fighting in the jungle
Enticed me to step forward,
Seeking my soldier's initiation,
Into this spasm of Glory.

I fought over the green lands,
Once tranquil and beautiful,
Now turned into a quagmire of fears:
Reflecting the ugly pocks of war.

For too many years in combat,
Now bitter at my discovery,
Glory lives only in books,
Reality is not to seek it out.